Curriculum Vital

    The Education Umbrella Guide to Animal Farm 
    Chapter ten summary and analysis

    This page is part of the Education Umbrella Guide to Animal Farm, which contains a summary and analysis of every chapter, as well as characrer profiles, clasroom activities and an introduction to George Orwell's life and work. 

    Chapter summary

    The animals grow old. There are very few left who remember what life was like before the rebellion. No animal retires, and no one complains. The pigs grow even fatter.

    The farm is now better organised and larger; the pigs have bought two fields from Mr Pilkington. The pigs and dogs multiply, but still produce no food.

    The animals realise they live in hardship. At the same time, they feel proud to be part of Animal Farm because all animals are equal and walk on four legs, not two.

    Squealer takes the sheep to a secluded part of the farm to teach them a new song. He keeps them there for a week. The day after the sheep return the animals see a pig walking on its hind legs. All the pigs walk out of the farmhouse on two legs, including Napoleon, who now carries a whip. Just as the animals are about to protest, the sheep begin bleating, 'Four legs good, two legs better!'

    Clover takes Benjamin to the barn and shows him the main wall. Where there used to be seven commandments there is now just one: 'All animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others.'

    Soon the pigs begin acting and dressing like humans. A week later a group of humans visit the farm. The pigs give them a tour, followed by dinner. That evening the animals creep towards the farmhouse and secretly watch the pigs and humans enjoying a game of cards. Mr Pilkington makes a speech, praising Animal Farm and Napoleon, and pledging to work with him towards prosperity. Napoleon then makes a speech. He says that all the signs of Animalism — addressing animals as 'Comrade', marching past the boar's skull, the flag — will be abolished. He ends by adding that Animal Farm will now be called Manor Farm.

    The animals turn to go, but suddenly there is a cry of voices from inside. Napoleon and Mr Pilkington have each played an ace of spades simultaneously. The pigs realise that the humans look like pigs, and the pigs look like humans.

    Analysis of key passages and events

    The Eastern Bloc — The two new fields

    The farm was more prosperous now, and better organised; it had even been enlarged by two fields which had been bought from Mr Pilkington.

    In this passage Orwell predicted — correctly — that the Soviet Union would expand its territory after World War II. Having already acquired Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, the USSR set up communist governments in what became known as the Eastern Bloc:

    Eastern Bloc

    This Eastern Bloc would endure until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.

    Read the full summary and analysis of this and every chapter, as well as character profiles, classroom activities and more, in our guide.

    Further reading